TRIAL DETAIL

A Phase II Trial of the DNA Methyl Transferase Inhibitor, Guadecitabine (SGI-110), In Children And Adults With Wild Type GIST, Pheochromocytoma And Paraganglioma Associated With Succinate Dehydrogenase Deficiency And HLRCC-Associated Kidney Cancer

Drug:
Trial Name:
A Phase II Trial of the DNA Methyl Transferase Inhibitor, Guadecitabine (SGI-110), In Children And Adults With Wild Type GIST, Pheochromocytoma And Paraganglioma Associated With Succinate Dehydrogenase Deficiency And HLRCC-Associated Kidney Cancer
NCT#:
Conditions:
SDH- GIST
Status:
Recruiting
Phase:
2
Start Date 08/16/2017
Age of Trial (yrs) 2.1
Treatment Phase:
First-line
Drug Category:
SDH-directed
Strategy:
Reverse global methylation deviator pattern
Trial Type:
Specifically GIST plus other cancers
Other Protocol IDs:
170088 17-C-0088
Sponsor:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Patient Contact:
Melissa M Spencer (Amaya), R.N. 301-451-9036 melissa.spencer@nih.gov
Contact email:
Contact Phone:
Randomized:
IV or Oral:
Subcutaneous
Trial Notes:
The following Inclusion Criteria have been selected from the ClinicalTrials.gov listing. For the full set of criteria please use the NCT03165721 link to see the full listing.

Eligibility

INCLUSION CRITERIA:

Patients must:

-Have recurrent or refractory/unresectable disease for which there is no known curative therapy.

---Wild type-GIST: Patients with recurrent or progressive disease will be eligible. Newly diagnosed patients with resectable localized disease will not be eligible. Newly diagnosed patients with metastatic disease and newly diagnosed patients with residual tumor following surgical debulking will be eligible.

---PHEO/PGL: Patients with recurrent or progressive disease will be eligible. Newly diagnosed patients with PHEO/PGL that is metastatic at diagnosis and/or unresectable will be eligible Patients with PHEO/PGL with localized (non-metastatic), resectable disease will not be eligible.

---Renal cell cancer associated with HLRCC: Patients with localized, resectable HLRCC-associated renal cell cancer will not be eligible. Patients with metastatic and/or unresectable HLRCC-associated renal cell cancer will be eligible.

-Have one of the following confirmed histologically, cytologically, or through biochemical testing:

---wild-type GIST (GIST without KIT or PDGFRA mutation);

---PHEO/PGL with a germline mutation in SDHA, SDHB, SDHC, or SDHD;

--renal cell cancer associated with HLRCC.

-Testing will be performed in CLIA certified labs using genetic tests for KIT/PDGFRA and testing panels developed for patients with PHEO/PGL. Results from outside labs will be accepted. Pathologic diagnosis will be reviewed and verified at the Clinical Center.

-Age: be greater than or equal to 12 years of age

Because there is no dosing or adverse event data currently available on the use of SGI-110 in children < 18 year of age, children < 12 years of age will be excluded from this study, but may be eligible for future pediatric trials should the results of the study be positive.

- Measurable disease:

Have measurable disease, defined as at least one lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest diameter to be recorded for non-nodal lesions and short axis for nodal lesions) as greater than or equal to 20 mm with conventional techniques or as greater than 10 mm with spiral CT scan.

-Prior Therapy

-Prior therapy requirements:

---Wt-GIST: Because there are no standard chemotherapy regimens known to be effective for wt-GIST, previously untreated participants are eligible.

--PHEO/PGL with germline SDH subunit mutation: 131I-MIBG in patients with MIBG avid tumors or cytotoxic chemotherapy (CVD or temozolomide) is required prior to enrollment on this trial. However, patients who have refused cytotoxic chemotherapy or for whom treatment on this protocol prior to receiving cytotoxic chemotherapy is felt to be in the best interest for the patient by the local investigator will also be eligible.

---HLRCC-associated renal cell cancer: Because there are no standard chemotherapy regimens known to be effective for HLRCC-associated renal cell cancer, previously untreated participants are eligible.

-Prior therapy wash-out period requirements

--Participants must be at least 4 weeks from prior surgical procedures and surgical incisions must be healed.

---Participants must have had their last fraction of external beam radiation therapy at least 4 weeks prior to enrollment. Participants with prior radiation therapy must be at least 4 weeks post therapy and have had progression of disease outside the radiation port.

---Participants must have had their last dose of cytotoxic chemotherapy at least 28 days prior to enrollment, their last dose of biological therapy, such as biological response modifiers (e.g., cytokines), immunomodulatory agents, vaccines, differentiating agents, used to treat their cancer at least 28 days prior to enrollment, their last dose of a monoclonal antibody at least 28 days prior to enrollment, and their last dose of any investigational agent at least 28 days prior to enrollment.

---Participants must have recovered from the acute toxic effects of prior therapy to a grade 1 level prior to enrollment (does not apply to alopecia).

-Performance Level: ECOG performance status less than or equal 2 or Karnofsky greater than or equal to 60% in patients greater than 16 years of age, Lansky greater than or equal to 60 for patients less than or equal to 16 years of age.

-Have normal organ and marrow function as defined below:

----absolute neutrophil count greater than or equal to 1,500/mcL

----platelets greater than or equal to 100,000/mcL

----total bilirubin within normal institutional limits

----AST(SGOT)/ALT(SGPT) less than or equal to 2.5 x institutional upper limit of normal

----creatinine within normal institutional limits

OR

----creatinine clearance greater than or equal to 60 mL/min/1.73 m^2 for patients with creatinine levels above institutional normal.

-Birth Control:

The effects of SGI-110 on the developing human fetus are unknown. For this reason and because decitabine is known to be teratogenic, women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation, and for 6 months following participation. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately.

-Ability of subject or legal guardians (if the patient is <18 years old) to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

Patients with any one the following will be excluded:

-Ongoing radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormonal therapy directed at the tumor, immunotherapy, or biologic therapy, including investigational agents for their disease.

-History of allergic reactions to SGI-110 or decitabine.

-Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, symptomatic pulmonary disease or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.

-Pregnant or breastfeeding

Pregnant women are excluded from this study because SGI-110 is a derivative of decitabine which has the potential for teratogenic or abortifacient effects. Because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with SGI-110, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with SGI-110.

These potential risks may also apply to other agents used in this study.

-Any evidence of severe or uncontrolled systemic disease, active infection, active bleeding diatheses, or renal transplant, including any patient known to have hepatitis B, hepatitis C, or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) will be excluded. Patients with HIV who have adequate CD4 count, not requiring antiretroviral medication, may be enrolled.

-Patients who, in the opinion of the investigator, may not be able to comply with the safety monitoring requirements of the study.

Trial Links

 
 

Trial Results

Drug Information

Astex pipeline description
 
YouTube video explaining Guadecitabine mechanism of action
 

Trial Sites

Name
Address
City
State
Zip
Country
Building 10, Room 1-3750
Bethesda
MD
20814
USA